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Vision 2035: Public Health Surveillance in India - A White Paper [PDF: 3.73 MB]

The full text of the document, Vision 2035: Public Health Surveillance in India - A White Paper, by NITI Aayog and the University of Manitoba, can be accessed here.

SCOPE OF THE DOCUMENT

This is a vision document for public health surveillance in India in 2035. The document defines the vision, illustrates the architecture, describes the proposed flow of information, lists key questions and considerations that are necessary to expand the scope of Public Health Surveillance in India, defines the four building blocks and lists possible steps towards achieving the vision.

The vision document briefly describes the progress made by India in Public Health Disease Surveillance and builds on the existing experience of public health surveillance systems with a focus on governance that is based on cooperative federalism, fostering the involvement of State Governments and using a bottoms-up approach. It aligns with inclusive and sustainable growth and the principles stated in the National Health Policy 2017. These include human resources that practice professionalism, integrity and ethics, and public health services that reduce inequity and catastrophic costs for health care. The focus is on Universal Health Coverage and patient-centred quality of care that is gender sensitive, effective, safe, convenient and provided with dignity and confidentiality. The multistakeholder approach with partnership and participation of all non-health ministries and communities including academic institutions, not for profit agencies, and the health care industry, pluralism to optimise services wherever patients first seek care, decentralisation of decision making, citizen centricity, and focus on expansion of Public Health Surveillance to include non-communicable and occupational diseases, including mental health are all touched upon.

In addition to building on India’s past experience, the document draws on lessons learned from global best practice including examples from Thailand, Taiwan, Germany, the United Kingdom, the United States of America and Canada.

The document does not include funding and budget requirements. The analysis of the capacity of existing institutions is based on reviews of evaluation reports. The document excludes a focus on COVID-19, even though India’s capacity and resilience have been challenged by this pandemic. COVID-19 is a great example of the country’s rapid response to a public health emergency of international concern, and its own capacity to accelerate laboratory capacity, and to digitise, analyse and use information for action. Instead, the document focuses on expanding surveillance to be inclusive of non-communicable diseases, occupational, injury and environmental conditions in a One-Health approach for Public Health Surveillance.

Next steps include the creation of a road-map or blueprint for action. As well, it would be important to set up effective and responsive governance mechanisms that establish political, technical, digital and managerial leadership in order to enable India reach this vision by 2035.

Vision 2035: Public Health Surveillance in India - A White Paper [PDF 3.73 MB]
Source: NITI Aayog

[https://niti.gov.in/sites/default/files/2020-12/PHS_13_dec_web.pdf]


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