February 2015
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Union Budget 2015-16

Finance Minister Arun Jaitley presented the Union Budget 2015-16 at the Lok Sabha on February 28, 2015. The Key features of the Budget [274 KB], Finan

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Economic Survey 2014-15 (Vols. 1 and 2)

The Economic Survey, 2014-15, was tabled in Parliament on Feb. 27, 2015. The two-volume Survey [6.8 MB] and the Statistical Appendix [746 KB] can be a

White Paper on Railways - 2015

Shortly after presenting the Railway Budget for 2015-16, Railway Minister Suresh Prabhu submitted a White Paper in the Lok Sabha on the finances and p

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Highlights of the Railway Budget 2015-16

The Highlights of the Railway Budget 2015-16, as provided by the Ministry of Railways, can be accessed as a PDF [296 KB] through the following link.

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Railway Minister Suresh Prabhu's Speech Introducing the Railway Budget for 2015-16

Full text of speech by Suresh Prabhu, Minister of Railways, introducing the Railway Budget for 2015-16 in Parliament on Feb. 26, 2015. [PDF 371 KB].

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Reaching for the Stars: The Incredible Rise of Arvind Kejriwal

Five years ago, Arvind Kejriwal was far from being the man of the masses he is today. The Hindu Centre's Senior Fellow Vidya Subrahmaniam, who

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Official Document: Report of the Fourteenth Finance Commission

The Union Government on Feb. 24, 2015 accepted the recommendations of the Fourteenth Finance Commission. The Report can be accessed as a PDF document

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Full text: Address by President Pranab Mukherjee to the Joint Sitting of Houses of Parliament

The 2015 Budget session started on February 23, with President Pranab Mukherjee addressing a joint sitting of both Houses of Parliament. The full text

Intra-party Democracy and Indian Political Parties

This report examines the status of intra-party democracy in the two major political parties of India — the Indian National Congress (INC) and the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). It focuses on understanding the inclusiveness and decentralisation in two main aspects of intra-party democracy: the candidate nomination process and the selection of leaders and office bearers. Analyses presented in this report are based on an extensive literature survey, data analysis and interviews conducted with party officials, former Election Commissioners and representatives of civil society organisations. The need to conduct the study stemmed from the idea that the roots of many pertinent problems faced by Indian democracy can be partly traced to the lack of intra-party democracy in political parties. Though the working of internal democracy may be debatable, all political parties that contest elections have some organisational structure in place. Analysis of nomination processes shows that both the national parties are largely centralised and adopt a top-down approach in decision-making. The information provided to the Election Commission of India(ECI) on internal elections for party positions is superfluous and does not help in drawing conclusions about the quality of these elections.What is interesting, however, is that some new experiments were conducted prior to the Lok Sabha 2014 elections, such as the primaries held by the INC, and larger studies are required to evaluate their effectiveness. Though the INC suffered a historic loss in the 2014 elections, which was attributed to reasons like anti-incumbency, corruption and the economic slowdown in the country, the primaries may have helped in addressing dissent among party workers. Similarly, though the BJP won the elections, the exercise of holding primaries may have reduced internal dissent. Some other remedial measures that need to be taken are to improve the nature of internal elections held by parties and provide an effective regulatory framework to make the nomination process more inclusive and egalitarian.Download PDF [PDF 603 KB]

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Inserting Hindutva in Nagaland

The Naga resistance, which is as old as Indian independence, has consistently fought for a homeland. South Asia's longest running political conflict h